Origin of swimming
Since ancient times, swimming was considered a means of physical exercise and leisure. The ancient Greeks were particularly familiar with the art of swimming, as evidenced by the amphorae and exhumed frescoes dating back to 1600 BC. AD breaststroke and freestyle Swimmers are figured on a rhyton (libation vase) silver Mycenae, dating from this period. However, swimming was not part of the ancient Olympic Games.
The first swim clubs are created in Britain in 1837, the launch date of the first swim meets. Most swimmers practicing the breaststroke and its various variants.
Swimming has been on the agenda of all modern Olympic Games since 1896. The first competitions included the freestyle (crawl) and breaststroke. The back appeared to the 1904 Games in 1940, the breaststroke swimmers realized they could gain speed through arm movements above the head. These movements gave rise before the butterfly stroke.
For the 1896 Games, swimming took place at sea, in the Bay of Zea located in Piraeus. Nearly 40 000 spectators attended. The program included the 100, the 500 and the 1,500. The first Olympic champion was the Hungarian Alfred Hajos. At the Games in London in 1908, the trials were held in a 100 m pool. In 1924, in Paris, the pool measured 50 m.
Women appeared in the swimming competitions 16 years later, at the Games of Stockholm in 1912. Since then, men and women competed almost the same trials, the only difference being the long-distance running: 800 m for women and 1,200 meters for men.